What is Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)?
"Thirty years of research demonstrated the efficacy of applied behavioral methods in reducing inappropriate behavior an in increasing communication, learning and appropriate social behavior." - United States Surgeon General (1999)
ABA is the application of behavioral principles to increase functional language skills, social and play skills, as well as academic and functional living skills. ABA can also be used to reduce problematic or interfering behaviors, behaviors that interfere with a child's ability to learn and access his or her home, school or social environment. ABA has been researched for more than 30 years and is well documented as an effective treatment for children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders. ABA has been endorsed by the United States Surgeon General, the Autism Society of America, the National Institutes of Health, the American Academy of Pediatrics and many more professional organizations.
Examples of Behaviors Addressed in ABA
- Functional Language and Communication Skills: Expressive Communication (Verbal or Augmentative and Alternative Communication), Listener Skills
- Social Skills: Engaging with Peers, Conversation Skills, Group and Classroom Skills
- Play Skills: Independent Play, Peer Play, Creative & Imaginative Play
- Motor Skills: Gross Motor Skills and Fine Motor Skills
- Academic Skills: Writing, Reading, Math, Pre-Learner Skills
- Adaptive Living Skills: Toileting, Eating and Food Acceptance, Dressing/Grooming and other Daily Living Skills
- Community Living Skills: Interacting in the Community, Safety Skills
- Problem Behaviors: Tantrums, Noncompliance, Aggression, Elopement, Self-Injury
For more information on the research and application of ABA, the benefits of ABA, as well as some common myths and misconceptions, please read our blog.